New National Education Policy 2020: Explained - the breakdown of 10+2 to 5+3+3+4 system of school education - Kashmir Student Alerts

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Thursday, 30 July 2020

New National Education Policy 2020: Explained - the breakdown of 10+2 to 5+3+3+4 system of school education



The government on Wednesday unveiled the new National Education Policy bringing a number of reforms almost after 34 years. one of the salient features of the new education policy is replacing the 10+2 structure of school curriculum with a 5+3+3+4 curriculum structure corresponding to age groups 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.

What is NEP's 5+3+3+4 format to replace 10+2?



One of the salient features of the new National Education Policy is shifting from decades-old 10+2 format to 5+3+3+4 keeping in mind a child's development and capabilities. The new NEP replaces the rules framed in 1986 and restructures school and higher education to make more flexible and with an integrated approach.
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What does 5+3+3+4 mean?

The new NEP has replaced school education 10+2 format with 5+3+3+4. Here's how school education will be approached according to the new and reformed education policy:

Foundational years of 5 years

This will consist of 3 years of pre-school/Anganwadi education and 2 years of primary education including class 1 and 2. It will be for the age group from 3-8.


Preparatory stage for 3 years

This will cover school education from class 3-5 with focus on experimental learning. It will cover the age group from 8-11.


Secondary Stage for 3 years

This will cover school education from class 6-8 and will be for age group from 11-14.

Secondary stage for 4 years

This will cover school education from class 9-12 in two phases. The first phase will be from 9-10 and second from 11-12.

New school assessment scheme

The new school assessment scheme will come in place from 2022-2023. As per the new assessment scheme, school exams in grade 3,5 and 8 will test child's basic learning with a 360-degree progress report card.

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Board exams to be made easier

According to new NEP, board exams will also be made easier to test core competencies among students.


News In Brief

New Education Policy 2020 is announced

1. 10+2 board structure is   dropped
2. New school structure will be 5+3+3+4
3. Upto 5 pre school, 6 to 8 Mid School, 8 to 11 High School , 12 onwards Graduation
4. Any Degree will be 4 years
5. 6th std onwards vocational courses available
6. From 8th to 11 students can choose subjects
7. All graduation course will have major and minor
Example - science student can have Physics as Major and Music as minor also. Any combination he can choose
8. All higher education will be governed by only one authority.
9. UGC AICTE will be merged.
10. All University government, private, Open, Deemed, Vocational etc will have same grading and other rules.
11. New Teacher Training board will be setup for all kinds of teachers in country, no state can change
12. Same level of Accreditation to any collage , based on its rating collage will get autonomous rights and funds.
13. New Basic learning program will be created by government for parents to teach children upto 3 years in home and for pre school 3 to 6
14. Multiple entry and exit from any course
15. Credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which he can utilize if he takes break in course and come back again to complete course
16. All schools exams will be semester wise twise a year
17. The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only
18. More focus on student practical and application knowledge
19. For any graduation course if student complete only one year he will get a basic certificate, if he complete two years then he will get Diploma certificate and if he complete full course then he will get degree certificate. So no year of any student will be wasted if he break the course in between.
20.All the graduation course feed of all Universities will be governed by single authority with capping on each course.

Now we can hope our education system will be at par with modern countries and future of our children will be bright.